Common Causes of Joint Pain

Common Causes of Joint Pain

It has been estimated that more than 63 million Americans have joint pain, also called arthralgia[1], of one kind or another.

Joint pain occurs when two bones meet. The most common areas of joint pain are the knees, shoulders, ankles, wrists, and knuckles, although it can occur at any joint. While there are common causes of joint pain, many people do not know what those causes are.

Physical injury

It is one of the most common causes of joint pain. Normally this occurs when a joint is twisted or there is a heavy impact on the joint. You may also see joint injury related to sprains or strains. Torn tendons, overstretched ligaments, and bone fractures can also affect joints. Whenever joints are dislocated, the pain will also be present.


It can also be the cause of joint pain. The condition of chondromalacia patella (knee pain), which is the degeneration of cartilage under the kneecap, is something adolescents and young adults may experience.


It is what most people think of when anyone mentions joint pain. There are around 100 forms of arthritis. The two most common – osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis – affect nearly 28 million people. Other forms of arthritis are psoriatic, gout, and back pain.

Sarcoidosis and Lupus

Both autoimmune diseases, affect the joints. Lupus causes inflammation in the joints but can also affect the blood cells, kidneys, skin, brain, and other organs. Sarcoidosis is the growth of small lumps, called granulomas, which can occur throughout the body. Common areas affected are the lungs and lymph nodes but doctors at the Mayo Clinic believe this condition also causes joint pain, such as the ankles.

Chronic illnesses or infectious diseases

Such as Lyme disease, measles, mumps, rheumatic fever, and Epstein-Barr can also affect joints. Rubella, or German measles, chickenpox, and mononucleosis can also cause joint pain even though that is not the main effect of the disease.


Which are from a lack of vitamin D, is another cause of joint pain. This disease is not as common in the United States as in other parts of the world but can cause joint pain or bone softness.

Bursitis and tendonitis

They are also conditions affecting the joints. Bursitis, caused by swelling of the bursae found between the tendons and skin, can cause severe pain, especially when a person is active. Tendonitis, which is inflammation of the tendons connecting bones and muscles, also causes painful joints. This commonly affects the tendons in the heel, shoulder, or wrists.


Where the bones become porous, can also cause joint pain.

Bone cancer

The growth of abnormal cells in the bones, may either originate in the bone itself or spread to them. In either case, the pain associated with bone cancer can be excruciating.

If you experience joint pain, you may not know the cause. This is why visiting your primary physician is so important. They will be able to determine the cause of your joint pain and prescribe ways for you to treat it so your joint pain does not adversely affect your life.

[1] The term arthralgia literally means joint pain. It is a combination of two Greek words – Arthro – joint and algos – pain. here are several reasons why joints can be painful. It could be due to:-injury, infection, immune disorders, allergic reactions, degenerative diseases. The term he term “arthralgia” should not be generalized to all conditions and should be reserved for the cases where there are no inflammatory pathologies affecting the joints. Where there is presence of inflammation, the condition should be termed arthritis. Source:

December 8th, 2022

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